Vinoba Bhave University is the fruit of a decade long people’s endeavors. Post-graduate courses were started in 1972 in St. Columba`s College with teaching in History and Economics. Subsequently, it was converted into Post Graduate Centre of Ranchi University . By January 1983, post graduate teaching in four more subjects-English, Hindi Political science and Mathematics was began. Finally, by Act 3 of 1990the Bihar state assembly amended the Bihar state Universities Act 1976, adding Vinoba Bhave University having its territorial jurisdiction over the entire North Chhotanagpur Division with its headquarters at Hazaribag. Later on it expanded to almost entire Jharkhand State on induction of all Sanskrit Ayurvedic and Homeopathic colleges of Jharkhand. The foundation stone of the University was laid on 17th January 1990
After two years, (Late) Dr. Vinodini Terway was appointed the first Vice Chancellor of the University. She took over the charge on 17th of September 1992. Thus Vinoba Bhave University came into being : a long cherished dream finally crystallized. The University soon got a motto and a crest-an extract from Vinoba`s jee`s couplet - 'JEEWANAM SATYA SODHANAM', and an emblem consisting of a Mandala or Astamandala , an ancient vedic and Tantrik symbol for equanimity and enlightenment-a transuniversal expression of men’s attempt to understand the unknown in which he finds himself. At the centre of the astamandala is a Lamp with the flame representing the learning that dispels the darkness of ignorance and prejudice. The base of the circle holding the astamandala and the lamp, again is rooted in ancient Indian culture depicting the contours of Mauryan sculpture. The letters are in the Pali style.
The Association of Indian Universities granted membership to this University in December 1992 and in appreciation and recognition of the pace of the growth, granted permanent membership in 2001.The University is also a member of Association of Commonwealth Universities, London. The UGC, New Delhi has also recognized the University and registered it under section 12B of the UGC Act 1956. This has opened a sluice gate of finances for the all round development of the University. The State Government has also allotted it 67.17 Acres of land at Sindoor. The first building on this piece of land is the Central Library Building, built with the generous grant received from Sri Pranab Mukherjee, the then Deputy chairman, Planning Commission, Government of India.
In the present scenario of higher education in the new state of Jharkhand, Vinoba Bhave University, among the four universities and two deemed universities is unique in the sense that it has the entire state of Jharkhand under its territorial jurisdiction and includes 74 college of conventional ,Sanskrit, Aurveda, Homeopath, law, education, technical, and Medical education. In addition to these, this university manages and maintains 21 Postgraduate departments including the newly established Biotechnology and Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Departments under the nine faculties of Humanities ,Social Sciences, Commerce, Engineering, Law, Medicine, Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Education it proposes to Introduce a number of professional courses at the master's level such as MBA, MCA, Master degree in Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing, LLB (5years Integrated Course), Degree/diploma in Physical Education and Diploma in Library science. The university has also submitted a proposal for introducing 15 vocational courses at Degree level for obtaining NOC from the government of Jharkhand .
The AICTE has already given approval for starting the teaching of MCA from the session 2007–08. the proposal of opening the University College of Engineering & Technology, Hazaribagh is also under active consideration of the AICTE, which has already issued the Letter of intent for the same.
At present, B.Ed. teaching is being imparted in ten colleges of the University. Since the inception of the University consistent efforts have been made for the all round development of the university departments and colleges under its jurisdiction. A number of buildings are being constructed from the grants received from the UGC and the state governments as to strengthen the infrastructural facilities and research /academic activities. Examination, finance and other departments are bring computerized. Grants have been received from the UGC for the establishment of a computer centre in the university campus. With the progressive steps of this university a number of researche organization and educational institutions viz, CMRI (Dhanbad), CFRI (Dhanbad), IIT (Delhi), MRC (ICMR, Delhi), ZSI kolkata), ONGC (Dehradhun), LRC(Ranchi), CRURRS(Hazaribagh) etc. have undertaken collaborative research projects. Besides minor research projects, major research projects are also being undertaken by the faculty members of the university.
Education is not complete unless it develops the multidimensional potential of the youth. The Arts and Culture Board and Sports control Board of the University are striving hard to ensure all round development of its students. NSS programmes are being organized in rural area with an aim to bringing awareness among the rural masses regarding diseases, protection of environment, elimination of superstitions, eradication of illiteracy etc. under the dynamic leadership of the Vice-Chancellor, Professor (Dr.) A. Kumar and Pro Vice-chancellor, Dr. J. L. Oraon. This University is forging ahead towards of all round development.